Excerpt: The revealed books are the revelations that Allah sent to humanity throughout history, by way of His messengers.
What are the Revealed Books?
For Muslims, it is an essential part of Islamic creed to believe in all the revealed books of Allah. The revealed books are the revelations that Allah sent to humanity throughout history, by way of His messengers. The books contain guidance and law that was sent to various peoples across different times in history.
Muslims accept previous revelations were genuine in their time. However over the course of time the revelations were corrupted by being changed by man, or partially or completely lost. Subsequent revelations would supersede or supplement previous ones so mankind could continue to be guided. Muslims only use the Qur’an for guidance today. The Qur’an affirms what is accurate in the previous revealed books and corrects what has been corrupted.
What are the names of the Previous Revealed Books?
The Injeel: The Injeel is the book that was revealed to Prophet Jesus (peace be upon him). Some portions of Prophet Jesus’ teachings can be found in the New Testament, though Muslim scholars consider the original Injeel to be corrupted or lost. The New Testament or Gospels is considered by Muslim scholars to be documents about Prophet Jesus’ life written by various contemporaries and his followers.
The Taurat: The Taurat is the book that was revealed to Prophet Moses (peace be upon him). It contains the Halakha or Jewish law that was sent to the Children of Israel.
Suhuf Musa: The Scrolls of Moses is another revealed book sent down to Prophet Moses (peace be upon him), apart from the Taurat.
The Zabur: The Zabur is the book sent to Prophet David (peace be upon him). It is considered to be the Psalms.
Suhuf Ibrahim: The Scrolls of Abraham is the revealed book sent to Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him). It is considered lost.
The exact number of books revealed to mankind is only known to Allah. The Qur’an mentions the five books listed above. While Muslims accept these books as revelations that were sent to mankind in the past, they do not use the books in their present form for guidance, following only the Qur’an.
What Makes the Qur’an Different?
The Qur’an, the revealed book sent to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) over 1400 years ago, has never been altered or lost. Its entire message remains intact.
During the Prophet Muhammad’s lifetime it was memorized by hundreds of his companions in addition to being written down by scribes as it was being revealed. Throughout the centuries and up to today, millions of Muslims have committed the Qur’an to memory, with special status being afforded to someone who memorizes the entire Qur’an.
Allah has promised in the Qur’an that He will preserve the book from corruption: “We have, without doubt, sent down the Message; and We will assuredly Guard it (from corruption).” (Qur’an, 15:9)
Not only has the Qur’an been preserved in its original state since the time of revelation, but it is also considered the greatest miracle given to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Because the Prophet was unlettered—he did not know how to read or write and did not have experience with or knowledge of the previous revealed books—the revelation of the Qur’an through him is considered miraculous.
The Qur’an is the last revelation sent to all of mankind, and it abrogates the previous books that were sent before. “This is the Book about which there is no doubt, a guidance for those conscious of Allah.”(Qur’an, 2:2)