- Read a classic comprehensive matn in Shafi’i fiqh covering all chapters of advanced fiqh works
- Part-2 shall cover purity and prayer
- Get exposure to alternative positions in the School
- Read an accurate and authoritative commentary with a good level of detail and some proofs
- Learn to connect with a super-commentary of the late Shafi’i tradition
About the Course
This course widens the horizons of the student of Shafi’i fiqh by covering a post-intermediate level book that mentions alternative positions within the school, while preserving accuracy and detail with late commentaries and super-commentaries on the work.
In his work Al-Lubab fi Fiqh ash Shafi’i, the fifth-century pre-Nawawi jurist al-Mahamili composed a matn of tremendous worth and gathered alternative positions didactically summarising complex discussions in systemic lists of the various issues of Shafi’i Fiqh.
After a series of editions from later scholars, Shaykh al-Islam Zakariyya al-Ansari re-wrote the work mentioning key details and adding some proofs, thereby granting the book authority as a post-Nawawi product of the late Shafi’i school.
Later, al-Sharqawi wrote a super-commentary (hashiya) on al-Ansari’s work dealing with many, many subtle details, and making a key authoritative reference work for fatwa.
The matn itself, commentary, and super-commentary shall all be used in the course.
Part–2 shall cover purity and prayer
Two pdf files in Arabic shall be provided, constituting all necessary course material. Live classes shall be taught on a whiteboard. There will be no assignments, no pre-recorded videos or lesson handouts. The live classes will be 1.5 hours long.
Students must have studied Matn Abu Shuja and/or Reliance of the Traveller, and must be able to read Arabic well.
Who is the author of the text Imam al-Mahamili?
Al-Mahamili was born in Baghdad 400 AH/1010 CE into a religious and scholarly family—his brothers, both his father and mother, and even his grandfather and grandmother were noted jurists, grammarians, and judges of the time. He studied with his father nd many other fuqaha and hadith scholars, the most notable of whom was al-Isfaraini, who was known as the “sheikh of the Shafi’is in all of Iraq”.
He wrote several well-received books that were well known in his time, including Al-Lubab fi Fiqh ash Shafi’i. His most famous student was al-Khatib al-Baghdadi, who is known to this day as one of the greatest Imams in hadith, fiqh, and history.
Who is the commentator of the text Imam Zakariyya al Ansari?
The scholar who wrote the commentary on Al-Lubab is the Sheikh, the Imam, the Sheikh of the Sheikhs of Islam, the Chief Justice, Zain al-Din Abu Yahya Zakariyya ibn Muhammad ibn Zakariyya al-Ansari. When he was young and suffering from poverty a mysterious benefactor came to his aid, provided him with food, clothing, and books, and predicted: “Zakariyya, you will live to see all your peers die, and your prestige will rise, and for many years you will occupy the highest post of Islam, and your students will become the sheikhs of Islam in your lifetime—when you go blind.” This prediction proved to be entirely accurate.
Zakariyya al-Ansari became the student of eminent scholars such as Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani and Jalal al-Din Mahalli (one of the authors of Tafsir Jalalayn). He led a prolific life, authoring many works on fiqh and spirituality, and spent eighty years working as a teacher and a mufti. He was appointed the Shafi’i Qadi (Chief Justice) for twenty years under Mamluk Sultan Qaitbay.
He taught two of the foremost muftis in the Shafi’i school—Ibn Hajar al-Haytami and Shams al-Din al-Ramli. He died in Cairo in 1520, at the age of 100. He was given the honorary title “Sheikh al-Islam.”