Matn al-Ajurrumiyya Explained

In this study of a famous classic primer of Arabic grammar, gain a comprehensive map of the theory of Arabic grammar that you will refer to for the rest of your life and use as a basis for further study.


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At-A-Glance

  • Study the entire text of the famous primer on Arabic grammar that has been studied across the world for centuries
  • Understand the theory of Arabic grammar at a deep level
  • Receive an organized presentation of Arabic grammar rulings
  • Learn how to inflect sentences in a proper way
  • Appreciate the depth and intricacy of Arabic grammatical science
  • Course is suitable for students who are already familiar with the basic rules of Arabic grammar

About the Course

Al-Ajurumiyya is a brief summary of the most important rules of Arabic grammar. But it is deceptively simple—there’s a lot that goes on behind the scenes of the “raw rules” that it lists. The goal of the course is to get behind the scenes and understand the theory of Arabic grammar at a deep level. By completing this course, you will have a “map” that you can use to navigate the language.

This course will cover the entire text of the Ajurumiyya and give you an organized presentation of Arabic grammar rulings. This will give you the ability to understand Arabic sentences and inflect them in a proper way. In the long-term, the knowledge of grammar and its nuances will reflect this on how well you are able to understand the Quran.

Course Syllabus

A detailed roadmap of the material covered over 10 weeks:

  • Week 1: Introduction
    • al-Maf’ul min ajlihi and al-Maf’ulma’ahu
    • Importance of the Arabic language; Grammar and the Quran; Grammar and the Islamic Sciences; Theory of Kalam
    • Types of Words
    • How words indicate meanings
    • How to identify different types of words
  • Week 2: Theory of I’rab
    • Concept of ‘amal, ‘amil and ma’mul; Concept of signs; Concept of Bina’
    • Lesson: Explicit Signs of I’rab
      • Explicit signs for all states of all types of nouns
      • Explicit signs for all states of all types of verbs
  • Week 3: Implict Signs of I’rab
    • Implicit signs for all states of many types of nouns
    • Verbs and How they go into the Nasb State (1)
      • Different types of verbs
      • Concept of a Nasib
      • An, Lan and Idhan
      • Concept of a MasdarMuawwal
  • Week 4:
    • How verbs go into the Nasb State (2)
      • Concept of intrinsic and extrinsic ‘amal
      •  Concept of a MasdarMuawwal
      • Hatta, Lam of Kay, Kay, Lam of Juhud
      • Concept of ‘Atf
      • Fa’ al-Sababiyya, Waw al-Ma’iyyah, Aw
    • How verbs go into the Jazm State (1)
      • Concept of a Jazim; Jazm of one verb; Jazm of two
      • Concept of a conditional sentence
      • Lam, Lamma, Lam al Amr, In and Idhma
      • The different kinds of jawazim & their conditions
      • Conditional Nouns; State and role of Conditional nouns; Conditional Nouns in Poetry
  • Week 5:
    • Fa’il and Na’ib al-Fa’il
      • Definition of Fail – Distinction between Mubtada’ and Fa’il and Matn Language
      • Concept of Istitar
      • Fa’il as pronoun, various types of pronouns; Fa’il as a masdarma’awwal
      • Definition of Naib al-Fa’il
      • Fa’il as pronoun, various types of pronouns; Fa’il as a masdarma’awwal
    • Mubtada’ and Khabar
      • Definition of the Mubtada’ – Matn Language and concept of Isnad; Definition of the khabar
      • Distinction of a Khabar as a Mufrad or a Jumla
      • Implied words – Concept of Ta’alluq
  • Week 6: Abrogators of the Mubtada&Khabr
    • (1) Kana and its sisters
      • Concept of an abrogator
      • Concept of the ‘amal of an abrogator – Concept of Maf’ulbihi, ta’alluq and Deficient verbs
      • Various verb abrogators
    •  (2 and 3) Inna and its sisters and Dhanna and its sisters
      • Concept of a harf
      • Concept of numerous maf’ulbihi’s
      • Concept of verbs of emotion and verbs and of action
  • Week 7:
    • Words that follow the states of states
      • al-Na’t
      • al-Atf
      • al-Tawkid
      • al-badal
  • Week 8:
    • The Maf’ulbihi and Maf’ulmudlaq
    • The Hal and Tamyiz
  • Week 9:
    • Exceptions
    • La of Categorical Negation
    • Al Munada
    • Jarr and Hurf al-Jarr
    • Idafa and conclusion
    • Next steps, Tafsir, Islamic sciences
  • Week 10: Final Examination

Course Format

The course shall consist of weekly Live Sessions, pre-recorded audio lessons, handouts, exercises, home-work assignments, as well as a Midterm and Final Examination. Ustadh Farid shall hold weekly office hours where students can consult with him one-on-one. Students are highly encouraged to post their questions in the Forum over the course of the week, which are answered during the Live Sessions.

The Live sessions are interactive – you are required to have a working headset microphone!

Weekly Time Commitment

The course requires an estimated 1 to 4 hours a week outside the live session, to review the pre-recorded lessons and take notes.

Recommended Background

ARB213 is a required prerequisite.This course is for students who are already familiar with the basic rules of Arabic grammar.

Suggested readings

The matn (text) shall be provided to the students in Arabic. It is recommended students have Jurjani’s Sharh Miat Amil in Arabic or English as well. 

FAQ: 

Did you know the story behind al-Ajurrumiyya?

It is said that after composing his text on Arabic grammar in front of the blessed Ka’ba, Imam IbnAjurrum threw his book into the sea saying, “If this was purely for the sake of Allah Most High, it will not get wet.” The book, miraculously, did not get wet, and henceforth became famous under the name al-Ajurumiyya. Spreading from Syria in the East to Morocco in the West, and being studied extensively until the present day, al-Ajurumiyya is distinguished from other books by its barakah (blessing) and scholarly acceptance.

What shall I know coming out of the course?

The focus of this course is grammatical theory, and by the end of the class you will appreciate the depth and intricacy of Arabic grammatical science as formulated and refined by Muslim grammarians for over a millennium. You will understand the theoretical definitions of grammar rulings covered in the text, and you will be able to use this understanding to grammatically analyze many Quranic verses.

About the Instructor

Farid Dingle

Department

Course Code

ARB301

Level

Level: 3

Starting From

25 January, 2015

Duration

10 weeks

Tuition Fee

375 USD   Instant Financial Aid