- The fiqh of menstruation is obligatory knowledge for Muslim women, as well as for husbands, fathers, and guardians
- An in-depth knowledge of this topic is critical as it affects other obligatory acts of worship such as your prayers and fasting
- Course clarifies misconceptions based on culture or hearsay
- Ustadha Hedaya is a recognized expert on menstruation and related issues
- Successful completion of this course is required in order to register for the next level.
About the Course
This special course with a recognized expert on women’s fiqh issues will give you an introduction to the legal rulings of menstruation and lochia as they pertain to many aspects of your daily life: such as ablution, prayer, fasting, and Hajj.
This introduction will answer a wide variety of common questions, while providing a general understanding of the fiqh of menstruation and lochia according to the Hanafi school. It will also demonstrate the expansiveness of this subject and the importance of further in-depth study.
The introductory material is based on the great Ottoman scholar Imam Birgivi’s Treatise Dhukhr al-Muta’ahhilin wa al-Nisa’ fi ta’rif al-Athar wa al-Dima’ (Treasure for Those with Families), along with Imam Ibn ‘Abidin’s commentary of it. According to Imam Ibn ‘Abidin, this treatise by Imam Birgivi is the principal reference for menstruation and lochia and their related rulings in the Hanafi school.
This course is a prerequisite to the following in-depth courses, in which the treatise and its commentary are taught in more detail.
- LESSON 1:
Introduction to Menstruation & its Related Rulings in the Shariah
- Introduction to the subject and its significance
- The impact of these rulings on one’s acts of worship
- LESSON 2
: Essential Terminology
- Clearing up common misconceptions
- Definitions of key terms
- LESSON 3:
- Valid/invalid bleeding
- Rulings related to the menstrual beginner and a woman with a habit
- The colors of blood and normal vaginal discharge
- LESSON 4:
Rulings Related to Pregnancy & Childbirth
- Bleeding during pregnancy
- Postnatal bleeding for normal births, Caesarean sections, or multiple births
- The two types of miscarriage
- LESSON 5: Rulings related to the Kursuf
- Explanation of what the kursuf is and how it is used
- LESSON 6:
Dysfunctional uterine/vaginal bleeding
- The eight types of istihada
- LESSON 7: End of Valid Bleeding
- Early blood
- Ending before or at the maximum
- Ending before or after one's habit
- The time of the purificatory bath
- LESSON 8: Learning About Your Body
The course is taught over 8 lessons using a combination of weekly live classes, pre-recorded audio lessons, required reading material, self-study drills, and office hours with Ustadha Hedaya Hartford. The pre-recorded audio and reading material for the week must be covered prior to attending the week’s live class.
Weekly Time Commitment
The course requires an estimated 5 to 10 hours per week outside the live class to review the material and take notes.
The required text for the course is Coming of Age: A Muslim Girl’s Guide by Hedaya Hartford.
No background is required: all are welcome!
Why is this absolutely essential knowledge for every Muslim woman, father, husband, or guardian?
“Menstruation is amongst the most difficult topics in the study of fiqh. The magnitude of this knowledge is apparent by the detriment caused by the ignorance of it. Attentiveness to these rulings is vital because of the consequences they have on rulings of purification, prayer, reading the Qur’an, fasting, spiritual retreat, pilgrimage, reaching puberty, marital relations, divorce, waiting period after divorce, and others. Familiarity with these rulings is essential; otherwise, forbidden (haram) acts are done without even realizing it.” —Ustadha Hedaya Hartford While directly affecting women, it is also important for men to study this topic as well. The material is obligatory for Muslim women to learn, as well as for fathers and guardians in order to raise their children with sound knowledge of the religion. Imam Birgivi wrote that “the jurists have agreed on the obligatoriness of the ‘personally obligatory religious knowledge’ (ilm al-hal) for all those women and men who believe in Allah and the Day of Judgment. Consequently, the knowledge of the different types of blood pertinent to women is obligatory for women, husbands, and guardians. However in our time, this was forsaken, or worse—it became as though it were nothing. They [the people of the author's time] do not separate between menstruation, lochia, and istihada, and they do not differentiate between the valid and invalid types of blood and tuhr.”
Why you should study the fiqh of menstruation with Ustadha Hedaya…
Other fiqh courses dedicate only one lesson to the basics of this subject, whereas this course examines in-depth how it affects other acts of worship and investigates common situations that may arise. And stating the obvious: the course is taught by a female scholar who is a recognized expert on menstruation and related issues. Ustadha Hedaya has permission to teach Imam Birgivi’s treatise from Shaykh Muhammad Amin Siraj, a shaykh at the Sultan Muhammad al-Fatih mosque in Istanbul, who wrote that she demonstrated “full comprehension and meticulous understanding” of the text.
What shall I know coming out of the course?
The goal of this course is three-fold: to enable you to realize that a more in-depth study of this topic is critical; to clarify any misconceptions you may have based on either culture or hearsay; and to enable you to identify problem cases and know to consult a scholar/knowledgeable person in those situations. The intention of this course is to facilitate an introduction to the legal rulings of menstruation and lochia as they pertain to many aspects of our daily lives. The minimal objective is to give students the ability to recognize a problem and to realize when they must consult a specialist, and not the ability to necessarily solve the problem on their own.