Detailed Fiqh of Lochia (Hanafi)

This follow-up to the introductory course on the basics of menstruation, lochia, and abnormal discharge will provide a more in-depth and practical understanding of the topic, with a focus on lochial case studies and rulings related to the chronic annulment of ablution.


At-A-Glance

  • A detailed course on the fiqh of lochia according to the Hanafi school of law
  • Course material is obligatory knowledge for Muslim women, as well as for husbands, fathers, and guardians
  • Also vital for anyone with problems related to the chronic annulment of ablution
  • An in-depth knowledge of this topic is critical as it affects other acts of worship
  • Lessons cover general and lochial precepts never before so clearly defined and stated
  • Ustadha Hedaya is a recognized expert on menstruation and related issues
  • The main goal of this series of courses is to clear up all misunderstandings, thus enabling people to practice the religion validly based on knowledge rather than hearsay and cultural lore

About the Course

Detailed Fiqh of Lochia delves deeper into the basics introduced in the introductory course on the topic. The course will present an in-depth study of the general precepts for menstruation and lochia and the precepts specific to lochia, as well as a detailed study of the chronic annulment of ablution.

The text used for this course is Ustadha Hedaya and Shaykh Ashraf Muneeb’s Birgivi’s Manual Interpreted: Complete Fiqh of Menstruation & Related Issues (Amana Publications, January 2007). This ground-breaking book in English is based on the Ottoman scholar Imam Birgivi’s Treatise Dhukhr al-Muta’ahhilin wa al-Nisa’ fi ta’rif al-Athar wa al-Dima’ (Treasure for Those with Families) along with Imam Ibn ‘Abidin’s commentary of it. According to Imam Ibn ‘Abidin, this treatise by Imam Birgivi is the principal reference for menstruation and lochia and their related rulings in the Hanafi school.

Course Syllabus

  • LESSON 1: 
Terminology
    • Revision of essential vocabulary
    • New additions to the essential vocabulary
    • Correcting misinformation and superstitions
  • LESSON 2: 
General Precepts 1-8
    • Precepts that are in common between Lochia and Menstruation
    • Detailed commentary on each precept
  • LESSON 3
: Lochial Precepts 9-16
    • Precepts particular to Lochia
    • Detailed commentary on each precept
  • LESSON 4: 
Lochial Precepts 17-23
    • Precepts particular to Lochia
    • Detailed commentary on each precept
  • LESSON 5
: Lochial Case Studies
    • When the blood does not exceed the maximum for someone with a habit
  • LESSON 6: 
Lochial Case Studies
    • When the blood exceeds the maximum for someone with a habit
  • LESSON 7: 
Lochial Case Studies
    • When the blood does not exceed the maximum for a lochial beginner
  • LESSON 8: 
Lochial Case Studies
    • When the blood does exceed the maximum for a lochial beginner
  • LESSONS 9a and 9b: 
Legal Rulings for the Chronic Annulment of Ablution
    • Definition of causes of chronic annulment of ablution
    • How one qualifies as a person with chronic annulment of ablution
    • Not qualifying as someone with chronic annulment of ablution
    • Losing the status as someone with chronic annulment of ablution
    • Ruling related to when the excuse is active or non-active
    • Making ablution before the prayer time
    • Forestalling the Excuse
    • Wiping Footgear
    • The prayer
    • Cleaning the filth

Course Format

The course is taught using a combination of weekly live sessions, case-studies, pre-recorded audio lessons, required reading material, self-study drills, and office hours with Ustadha Hedaya Hartford. The pre-recorded audio and reading material for the week must be covered prior to attending the week’s live session. There is a Mid-Term as well as Final examination that students must take.

Weekly Time Commitment

The course requires an estimated 5 to 8 hours per week outside the live session to review the material and take notes.

Suggested Readings

It is highly recommended students have Coming of Age: A Muslim’s Girl Guide by Hedaya Hartford, Birgivi’s Manual Interpreted: Complete Fiqh of Menstruation & Related Issues (Amana Publications, January 2007) by Hedaya Hartford and Ashraf Muneeb.

Recommended Background

The six-week short course Introduction to Menstruation and Related Topics provides the foundation for this course and is thus a required prerequisite. You will be unable to register if you have not successfully completed this requirement. The course will start with a LAH125 review exam.

FAQ:

Why is this absolutely essential knowledge for every Muslim woman, father, husband, or guardian?

“Menstruation is amongst the most difficult topics in the study of fiqh. The magnitude of this knowledge is apparent by the detriment caused by the ignorance of it. Attentiveness to these rulings is vital because of the consequences they have on rulings of purification, prayer, reading the Qur’an, fasting, spiritual retreat, pilgrimage, reaching puberty, marital relations, divorce, waiting period after divorce, and others. Familiarity with these rulings is essential; otherwise, forbidden (haram) acts are done without even realizing it.”
—Ustadha Hedaya Hartford

While directly affecting women, it is also important for men to study this topic as well. The material is obligatory for Muslim women to learn, as well as for fathers and guardians in order to raise their children with sound knowledge of the religion. Imam Birgivi wrote that “the jurists have agreed on the obligatoriness of the ‘personally obligatory religious knowledge’ (ilm al-hal) for all those women and men who believe in Allah and the Day of Judgment. Consequently, the knowledge of the different types of blood pertinent to women is obligatory for women, husbands, and guardians. However in our time, this was forsaken, or worse—it became as though it were nothing. They [the people of the author's time] do not separate between menstruation, lochia, and istihada, and they do not differentiate between the valid and invalid types of blood and tuhr.”

Why you should study the fiqh of menstruation with Ustadha Hedaya…

The general and lochial precepts covered in this course have been deduced and compiled by Ustadha Hedaya and Shaykh Ashraf Muneeb. These precepts are not found in any other reference book this clearly defined and stated. You will have the benefit to study these precepts comprehensively directly with Ustadha Hedaya.

Other fiqh courses dedicate only one lesson to the basics of this subject, whereas this course examines in-depth how it affects other acts of worship and investigates common situations and potential issues that may arise. And stating the obvious: the course is taught by a female scholar who is a recognized expert on menstruation and related issues. Ustadha Hedaya has permission to teach Imam Birgivi’s treatise from Shaykh Muhammad Amin Siraj, a shaykh at the Sultan Muhammad al-Fatih mosque in Istanbul, who wrote that she demonstrated “full comprehension and meticulous understanding” of the text.

How shall I benefit from this course?

Just as the rules of menstruation and lochia are often misunderstood, so are the rulings related to the chronic annulment of ablution. This topic is covered only briefly in most fiqh books, thus causing incorrect application and invalid prayers. The course will cover these important rulings so that you understand how to apply them. These rulings are not specific to menstruation and lochia, but rather, also apply to common situations for both men and women, such as a bleeding wound.

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    In this introduction to the basics of menstruation, lochia, and abnormal discharge with Ustadha Hedaya Hartford, learn the importance of this topic and how its rulings affect other acts of worship. Cover basic definitions that serve as a foundation for further study.

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About the Instructor

Hedaya Hartford

Departments

,

Course Code

LAH126

Level

Level: 2

Starting From

1 November, 2015

Duration

10 weeks

Tuition Fee

225 USD   Instant Financial Aid